Photo: Shay Lee
"Ontario, a male dairy calf, taken from his mother within hours of birth, starved of essential nutrients and exercise, locked up alone and left to suffer in solitary confinement until he is sent to slaughter."
Veal calves often suffer from painful arthritis due to limited movement, as well as respiratory diseases and ear infections that are rampant on overcrowded factory farms. Veal calves are also subjected to the painful procedure of disbudding (horn growth prevention) or dehorning. This is routine in Canada. Research shows that it is painful and stressful. Because they are unable to interact with other animals, exercise, groom themselves, suckle or explore, veal calves can develop abnormal repetitive behaviours. The distressed calves often bite at the bars of their crates, become lethargic or roll their tongues. Being separated from their mothers and severely confined, triggers this. Diarrhea, as a result of the formula diet, causes skin rashes and burns. Diarrhea is the most common cause of death in young calves.
After such a cruel, deprived life, the calves that survive are sent to slaughter when they are just 5 months old and often younger.
Cows, calves, and ending factory farming | World Animal Protection
What is factory farming? | World Animal Protection
Fast Facts on Veal Crates in Canada – Humane Society International (hsi.org)
Management practices for male calves on Canadian dairy farms | Request PDF (researchgate.net)
Dairy producers say new transportation rules mean they will have to kill calves | CBC News
What Is Veal? The Dark Truth About Where Veal Comes From (sentientmedia.org)
Veal: What Animal Does it Come From and Why is it Cruel? (thehumaneleague.org)
Veal Cattle Code of Practice (nfacc.ca)